This dashboard shows the groundwater monitoring points that are managed by the DWS. It shows the trends over time relating to the number of open and closed stations. These trends are shown since coordinated groundwater monitoring started in South Africa. It also shows the percentage of reliable data available per station. A key reporting item of the dashboard is the number of stations that have recent data available, which is commensurate with the frequency at which monitoring is undertaken. This frequency varies from fine time scale electronic reading at some stations, to manual biannual readings at others. Meta data associated with each monitoring station is also provided, and it is possible for users to analyse the available points in relation to their needs.
From a management perspective, the dashboard shows the number of stations with data that is considered acceptable, of concern, and unacceptable relative to the monitoring frequency of the station. It can be used to identify those regions, and stations, where there are many stations with data that needs to be uploaded into the Hydstra database.
Monitoring stations are visited by technicians at different time intervals, for example monthly, quarterly, biannually or on an infrequent basis. Once data has been collected at the station, there is a delay associated with processing and upload of the data into the Hydstra database. The management criteria are that this delay should not take more than 2 months. Therefore, if a station is visited on a monthly basis, the latest available data should be within a 3 month period relative to the current date. If the available data is not within this period, the dashboard will start to show a concern status for the station, and if the delay is even larger, it will display an unacceptable status. The thresholds for the different ‘Recent Data Availability Status’ for defined monitoring frequencies is summarised in the table below:
The ‘Recent Data Availability Status’ is then summarised per provincial Hydrology office and / or region. These summaries can be used to identify those regions where possible improvements need to be made.
All groundwater data collected by DWS is stored in a commercial hydro-informatics database called Hydstra. The data is collected in the field at monitoring stations which are maintained and operated by DWS regional office staff. The information collected is critical for the effective and sustainable management of groundwater resources in South Africa.
Some Meta data is populated in the table format that is relevant for the groundwater monitoring stations. This information is extracted from relevant fields in Hydstra by NIWIS.
The data is extracted weekly.
The following link is for the groundwater section website at DWS, with further links to relevant information about groundwater monitoring done by DWS. There are also other information products (GIS maps) available on the website.
Yes, please refer below:
There are no limitations / cautions associated with using the information on this dashboard. The information on the ‘Recent Data Availability Status’ is a reflection of the current dataset stored in the database. If a station is marked as ‘concern’, or ‘unacceptable’, it does not mean that the entire station is of concern or unacceptable. It rather means that the last available data point is older than expected, relative to the monitoring frequency that has been specified for the station. When it comes to the actual groundwater data supplied by DWS from Hydstra, the correct understanding and data analysis techniques should be applied when using the data. More details can be requested from the contact person above.
Copyright: The copyright of the data/information remains with the Department of Water and Sanitation.
This approval to use the data/information cannot be construed as a transfer of copyright.
Usage: All data is supplied free of charge and may not be sold to third parties. The use of information data is restricted to use for academic, research or personal purposes.
Quality: All data is supplied with no expressed or implied warranty as to its suitability for purpose, accuracy or completeness.
Status: Meanwhile data is continuously updated; the data set(s) supplied are already historical on the day of supply.
Acknowledgement: Whenever used in publications or the electronic media, the Department Water and Sanitation is to be mentioned as the proprietor of the relevant copyright.